Section 2: IDENTIFYING SENTENCE ERRORS, 19 questions, explanation and first question
Read the entire sentence carefully, paying attention to the [bracketed] choices (A) through (D).
Select the bracketed word or phrase that must be changed to make the sentence correct. Some sentences do not contain errors; for these sentences, choose [No error] (E).
Ready to try? Here's your first sentence:
26. Many students [know] (A) that [they could] (B) gain more energy for homework [by] (C) getting plenty of sleep [and not] (D) by drinking lots of coffee. [No error](E)
Part 3: IMPROVING PARAGRAPHS, 6 questions. Directions and first question.
Directions: Read the following short essay quickly to understand its overall meaning. Because it is meant as a draft, you are likely to notice errors. Choose the best answer from among the choices given.
Questions 45-50 refer to the following passage, which will be provided before each question for your reference:
(1) Today, the boundary between the United States and Canada is the longest unguarded border in the world. (2) There are many similarities between American and Canadian culture and it's easy to the think that there has never been any conflict between the two neighboring countries. (3) Easy, that is, if you're American. (4) Canadians may have a longer memory about this, that in fact the American military has invaded Canada on more than one occasion.
(5) First during the Revolutionary War, Benedict Arnold led about 1,100 men on an invasion attempting to overtake Quebec City. (6) As they attempted to travel up the Kennebec River, many boats were damaged and provisions lost. (7) Then they had to cross an inhospitable wilderness. (8) Soon enough Arnold's force had gone down to only about 600 men, who were starving. (9) Despite reinforcements the invasion of Quebec was a failure. (10) Of course, Canada was a British colony at the time so it's not like everyone up there was anti-American. (11) Some of the French-speaking Canadians of Quebec assisted the Americans rather than the British.
(12) It happened again during the War of 1812, another war against Britain. (13) Perhaps having forgotten earlier experience, American leaders assumed conquering Canada would be an easy task. (14) This turned out to not be the case at all. (15) In retrospect some have called the War of 1812 a war of independence for Canada.
(16) The two countries get along well now. (17) Though many on both sides might be surprised to learn there are boundary disputes to this day. (18). One example is Machias Seal Island, between the state of Maine and the province of New Brunswick. (19). Another example is the Strait of Juan de Fuca, between the state of Washington and the province of British Columbia. (20) But it seems too few people know, or care, about these disputes to have any risk of war, thankfully.
Now, try your first improving paragraphs question.
In context, which is the best revision of sentence 4 (reproduced below)?
Canadians may have a longer memory about this, that in fact the American military has invaded Canada on more than one occasion.
Section 1: REVISING SENTENCES, 25 questions. Directions and first question.
Directions: Read the entire sentence carefully and ask yourself whether the sentence or [bracketed] portion is correct or needs revision. Read choices (A) through (E), substituting them for the sentence or bracketed portion, and determine which revision creates a sentence that is clear, precise, and meets the requirements of standard written English.
Ready for your first sentence? Here it is:
Between Manuela and Anita, Manuela is the cleverest.